|Poll No.5 |
Public Opinion Poll (5): The Intifada, & America’s Relations with the Arab World
Time & Date of publication: Noon, Thursday, 11 October 2001
Date of field research: October 4-6, 2001
Sample selection: Multi-stage, random and representative
Sample size: 1,200 Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
Number of field researchers: 70 field researchers
Number of sample locations: 75 locations
Percentage of error: (+ or – 3%)
Background This poll was conducted less than 25 days after the attacks of September 11, 2001 on the United States. These attacks resulted in over 5000 deaths. The period after the attacks witnessed a number of important developments on the international level. A “Coalition Against Terrorism” was announced, led by the United States. A large number of countries declared support for this coalition, including a number of Arab governments. The Palestinian National Authority voiced its own support for the coalition and offered assistance. Just days after the completion of this poll, coalition forces attacked Al-Qaedah and other targets in Afghanistan. During this same period, the intensity of the conflict in the West Bank and Gaza increased. Despite a cease-fire announced by President Yassir Arafat on 18 September 2001, clashes have continued resulting in the deaths of 46 Palestinians, to bring the total number of Palestinians killed (between July 1 and October 10) to 194. During these most recent incidents, Israeli forces re-occupied Palestinian-controlled zones in Jenin, Khan Yunis, Rafah and Hebron. At the same time, Hamas and Islamic Jihad have intensified their attacks against targets within Israel, most notably a suicide attack on August 9th in which 18 Israelis were killed. Five more Israelis were killed as a result of suicide attacks on September 10th. Another attack against an Israeli military post in Gaza resulted in the deaths of 2 Israeli soldiers on October 3rd. Other attacks against settlers in the West Bank and Gaza were also carried out during this period. On the diplomatic front, a meeting between President Arafat and Mr. Peres was held on September 18th and other meetings between Palestinians and Israelis have also taken place. At present, however, living conditions in the West Bank and Gaza remain precarious. The closure remains in place and economic conditions continued to deteriorate with an adverse affect on health, education, and other municipal services. Work Team 70 Field researchers
Team Coordinator: Nader Said, DSP Director
Field research: Ayman Abdul-Majid (Coordinator)
Ayoub Mustapha (Data entry — Statistician), Ghassan Abu Hatab (Field supervisor), Nida’ Abu-Taha (Field supervisor), Emad Zehed (Field supervisor).
Technical and administrative team: Noran Nassif, May Abu-Azeezah, Raqia Abu Ghoush, Nibal Thawabteh, Nawal Abu-Hadid, Shahnaz Jubran.
– Ramzi Rihan: Vice-President for Planning and Development (Birzeit University)
– Jamil Hillal: senior researcher, member of the advisory committee for the Palestinian Human Development Report
– Reema Hamami: Chairperson of the Post-Graduate Programme at the Women’s Studies Institute (Birzeit University)
– Mu’in Rajab: Professor of Economics (Al-Azhar University)
– Jamil Rabah: Survey Research Expert
– Hassan Abu Hassan: Professor of Statistics (Birzeit University) All results represent the opinions of the respondents and do not represent the viewpoint of Birzeit University or the Development Studies Programme or any other related body.
For details on our methodology, please refer to our web page.